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What is Open Access (OA)?
Open Access (OA) is defined as
- "The free, immediate, online availability of research articles coupled with the rights to use these articles fully in the digital environment. Open Access ensures that anyone can access and use these results—to turn ideas into industries and breakthroughs into better lives" (SPARC).
- Content that is "digital, online, free of charge, and free of most copyright and licensing restrictions" (Peter Suber).
- "A system of free, unfettered access to scholarship, learning content, and data in a way that allows it to be widely shared so that all who wish to gain access to it may do so, free of paywalls, access fees, subscriptions or other barriers" (Stephen Bell).
Benefits of OA
Some of the benefits of OA include
- Providing free, immediate, and equitable access to content.
- Increasing higher citation rates and research visibility.
- Promoting innovation and scientific collaboration.
- Helping authors retain their rights and control of their work.
"Benefits of Open Access" by Danny Kingsley & Sarah Brown is licensed under CC BY 4.0.
Models of OA Publishing
Gold OA Model involves publication in an OA journal, which typically requires an article processing charge (APC). Gold OA works are usually peer-reviewed.
Green OA Model involves self-archiving in a free journal repository. Green OA works are not usually peer-reviewed unless authors choose to deposit peer-reviewed works into an OA repository.
Hybrid OA Model involves publication in a subscription journal that allows authors to pay for their works to be OA.
In all three models, OA content, once published or submitted, is immediately and freely available to everyone.
OA generally uses Creative Commons (CC) licensing to manage copyright, ensuring authors get credit for their work and outlining any terms related to usage of that work. There are six CC licenses:
If you need assistance selecting a license for your OA work, the Creative Commons License Chooser can provide suggestions based on your needs.
Choosing a CC License for Your Works
The video below presents step-by-step instructions on how to choose a CC license for OER using the new CC License Chooser.
Creative Commons for Educators and Librarians by The figures are eye-opening: more than 1.6 billion works on 9 million websites are licensed under Creative Commons (CC). These materials constitute an extraordinarily rich repository for teaching, learning, sharing, and creative reuse. Knowing your way around CC will help you make the most of the Open Access (OA) and open educational resources (OER) movements. This book represents the first-ever print complement to the CC Certificate program, providing in-depth coverage of CC licenses, open practices, and the ethos of the Commons. Inside readers will find guidance on the layers and elements of CC licenses, with clear explanations on how they interact; reusing, revising, and remixing; how to acknowledge the underlying work in a remix; techniques for locating works in the public domain and communicating their value; supporting learners' access to a wide array of open knowledge resources in primary, secondary, and higher education; assessing institutional policies for open education, plus advice on revising these policies; ways to adapt existing openly licensed materials in order to keep your institution's knowledge base relevant and up to date; how to meet the open licensing requirements increasingly present in government and foundation grants and contracts; and hundreds of authoritative resources for additional learning. This book is published under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license; digital versions are available for download at Creative Commons web page Certificate Resources (CC BY).
Call Number: KF3002.C74 2020
Publication Date: 2019-12-17
Open Access by A concise introduction to the basics of open access, describing what it is (and isn't) and showing that it is easy, fast, inexpensive, legal, and beneficial.The Internet lets us share perfect copies of our work with a worldwide audience at virtually no cost. We take advantage of this revolutionary opportunity when we make our work "open access"- digital, online, free of charge, and free of most copyright and licensing restrictions. Open access is made possible by the Internet and copyright-holder consent, and many authors, musicians, filmmakers, and other creators who depend on royalties are understandably unwilling to give their consent. But for 350 years, scholars have written peer-reviewed journal articles for impact, not for money, and are free to consent to open access without losing revenue. In this concise introduction, Peter Suber tells us what open access is and isn't, how it benefits authors and readers of research, how we pay for it, how it avoids copyright problems, how it has moved from the periphery to the mainstream, and what its future may hold. Distilling a decade of Suber's influential writing and thinking about open access, this is the indispensable book on the subject for researchers, librarians, administrators, funders, publishers, and policy makers.
Call Number: Z286.O63S83 2012
Publication Date: 2012-07-20
Virtues of Openness: Education, Science, and Scholarship in the Digital Age by Should all academic writings be free for us by anyone on the Web? The Virtues of Openness examines the complex history of the concept of the open society before beginning a systematic investigation of openness in relation to the book, the "open text" and the written word. These changes are discussed in relation to the development of new open spaces of scholarship with their impact upon open journal systems, open peer review, open science, and the open global digital economy. The Virtues of Openness argues that openness suggests political transparency and the norms of open inquiry, indeed, even democracy itself as both the basis of the logic of inquiry and the dissemination of its results.
Call Number: EBOOK CENTRAL (Need ERAU login)
Publication Date: 2011-09-30
Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)